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On Oromo

July 16, 2013

The Oromo people Settles at the heart of present day Ethiopia. Pursuant to the post-1995 devised federal arrangement Oromia is the largest regional state in the Ethiopian Federation. Oromia is the richest of all the regions, which contribute more than half of the Ethiopian GDP. The Oromo Ethnic group is the largest of all 70 + ethnic groups in Ethiopia. Afan Oromo is the most populous lingua franca in Ethiopia .

However, when we see Oromo studies in every aspect of life it is under represented and unresearched in a scale that the Oromo case needs to be treated.

We can say that the 1990’s as the golden decade of Oromo Studies. Many scholars, both Oromo and non-Oromo wrote about the Oromo question, problem and way forward. The First issue of the journal of Oromo studies was published in the early 1990’s. Dozens of books about the Oromo joins shelves around the world, in the same decade and the 1990’s was a decade of mushrooming of Oromo scholars who wrote articles and books on the Oromo question.

Yes, Oromo Studies had not started in the 1990’s rather it preceded that. In the 1960 and 1970 Journal of Oromo Students in Europe and Journal of the Union of Oromo Students in North America Used to be published. But, the Oromo question got a mainstream audience after Paul Baxter Published his 1978 article ‘Ethiopia’s Unacknowledged Problem: The Oromo’.  As Mohammed Hassen puts it Baxter’s 1978 Article on the Ormoo was ‘the first major article that brought the plight and suffering of the Oromo to the attention of academic community’ and Baxter continue to be the prolific writer on Oromo issues. No one writes as much as he contributes to the Oromo studies. Baxter wrote more than 30 Journal articles about the Oromo in multifarious fields from identity to folklore to geography to history and he edit many books that deals with the Oromo.

To make the ongoing Oromo discourse lively and intellectual, here in below I try to share some resources over it. Some of them are downloadable and some others are not and as much as possible I try to collect writings on politics, history and ethnicity.



Gada the Three Approaches to the study of African Society

By: Asmerom Legesse

Oromia a brief Introduction

By: Gadaa Melbaa

Post – 1990

 The Oromo of Ethiopia: A History, 1570-1869

By: Mohammed Hassen

Oromia: An Introduction to the History of the Oromo

By: Gadaa Melbaa

Oromia Nationalism and the Ethiopian Discourse: The search for freedom and democracy

Edited By: Asafa Jalata

The Ethiopian State at the crossroads: Decolonization or Disintegration

By: Leenco Lata

 Being and Becoming Oromo: Historical and Anthropological Enquiries

Edited By: P. T. W. Baxter, Ian Hultin and Alessandro Triulzi

Oromo Democracy and indigenous African Political System

By: Asmerom Legesse

Oromummaa: Oromo Culture, Identity and Nationalism

By: Asafa Jalata

Oromia and Ethiopia: State formation and Ethno-national conflict: 1868 – 2004

By: Asafa Jalata

Fighting Against the Injustice of the State and Globalization Comparing the African American and Oromo Movements

By: Asafa Jalata

An Ancient People in the State of Menelik:  The Oromo, Great African Nation

By: Ayalew Kanno

Being Oromo in Kenya

By: Mario  Aguilar


Journal of Oromo Studies:

Volume 1 Number and 2 – 1993/1994,

Volume 2 Numbers 1 & 2  – 1995,

Volume 3 Numbers 1 & 2 – 1996,

Volume 4 Numbers 1 & 2 – 1997,

Volume 5 Numbers 1 & 2 – 1998,

Volume 6 Numbers 1 & 2  -1999,

Volume 7 Numbers 1 & 2 – 2000,

Volume 8 Numbers 1 & 2 – 2001,

Volume 9 Numbers 1 & 2 – 2002,

Volume 10 Numbers 1 & 2 – 2003,

Volume 11 Numbers 1 & 2 – 2004,

Volume 12 Numbers 1 & 2  – 2005,

Volume 13 Numbers 1 & 2  – 2006,

Volume 14 Numbers 1 and 2  – 2007.

Selected Journal Articles:

The Oromo as recorded in Ethiopian literature

By: Ekaterina Gusarova

The Ethnogenesis of the Oromo Nation and Its Implications for Politics in Ethiopia

By: Edmond Keller

The Oromo Secessionism in a Broader Context of the Horn of Africa

By: Jan Zahorik

Ethnicity, Democratisation and Decentralization in Ethiopia: The Case of Oromia

By: Merera Gudina

The Struggle For Knowledge: The Case of Emergent Oromo Studies

By: Asafa Jalata

The Oromo in Exile: Creating Knowledge and Promoting Social Justice

By: Asafa Jalata

Gadaa (Oromo Democracy): An Example of Classical African Civilization

By: Asafa Jalata


check the whole Asafa Jalata archive.

Political programs of Oromo Political Parties:

The Political program of Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)

The Political program of Oromo Peoples Democratic Organization (OPDO)

The Political program of Oromo Democratic Front (ODF)

The Political program of Oromo Peoples Congress (OPC)

To be updated.

From → መጽሀፍት

  1. dereje permalink


  2. Reblogged this on Amsalutamirat and commented:
    Zola’s Gift!

  3. KEDIR EDAO permalink

    Thanks much for your intellectual contributions!

  4. Adnan permalink

    Nice documatery

  5. Thomas permalink

    Hi, this is an amazing resource, but the link to Legesse’s “Oromo Democracy” is actually a link to Jalata’s Oromummaa. I was really disappointed ‘cos I so want to read “Oromo Democracy”. Please can you give me the pdf for it?

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